PHIL 201 Quiz 8 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. Which branch of ethics attempts to answer moral questions and settle issues about what to do and who to be is:
  2. According to emotivism, “murder is wrong” is understood to mean:
  3. Subjectivist metaethical theories are:
  4. According to cognitivism:
  5. According to simple subjectivism, whatever an individual believes to be true is true (for that person).
  6. The branch of ethics that explores answer to the question, “What grounds moral facts?” is
  7. Which branch of ethics asks nonmoral questions about morality?
  8. According to the atheist Bertrand Russell, if there is no God, then all we can do is build our lives on the firm foundation of unyielding despair.
  9. Platonic Atheism is a version of which meta-ethical theory:
  10. One advantage of Theism over Platonic Atheism, is that:
  11. A key intuition we hold is that we owe obligations to persons, not things, and this provides reason to think theism explains, whereas Platonic atheism does not, the reality of objective moral duties.
  12. Just because an individual (or group of individuals) believe something is the case, that doesn’t mean it is the case.
  13. Alasdair MacIntyre is founded which modern ethical approach?
  14. A virtue is some positive characteristic of a person that is life- producing, beneficial, or helpful in nature.
  15. Which distinction is made among Divine Command Theorists?
  16. The authors describe the ancient concept eudaimonia (what Aristotle believed to be the end/purpose of every man) as:
  17. In Deontological ethics, “a rule or command that is universally and objectively applicable” is called a:
  18. Deontological theories are primarily concerned with:
  19. John Stuart Mill, a pioneer of Utilitarian ethics, sought to find an objective morality through an ontological basis of morality.
  20. Normative Ethics is the branch of ethics that:
  21. Which of the following are objections to/weakness of utilitarianism provided by the authors?
  22. The authors conclude by endorsing which of the ethical systems discussed in the chapter?
  23. Teleological ethical theories are primarily concerned with commands to do right, and to avoid wrong-doing.
  24. For MacIntyre, the process of judging the intellectual viability of ethical views is a 3-stage process. Which is NOT one of those stages?
  25. Which metaethical theory holdsthat morality is subjective and grounded in attitudes?

Set 2

  1. Which of the following is NOT on the four ingredients in an ethical theory?
  2. Intuitionists claim we can derive moral guidance from our common moral
  3. How do justice and love contribute to each other?
  4. If love is regarded as a _________________ principle, then it needs to ground the principle of _________________ on more than simply utility.
  5. Which of the following is not a problem with regards to Common Morality?
  6. Which one of the below is NOT what Eudaimonia means:
  7. How do virtues relate to God:
  8. According to Aristotle, the less virtuous are simply weak-willed people who act out of ignorance and need education.
  9. Which of the following is NOT a way virtues affect moral decision making?
  10. Which of these is not an example of how Aristotle viewed virtues as relative to excess and deficiency?
  11. What principal does Utilitarianism lack?
  12. Which of these is NOT one of Holmes’ conclusions concerning ethical egoism?
  13. Holmes states that a non-consequential decision is needed as to the of consequence we are to seek.
  14. Which of the following is NOT a question regarding the conflict between distributive justice and equal rights?
  15. Which of the following is NOT an example of hypothetical imperatives?
  16. Deontology is only interested in keeping rules and does not care about results.
  17. Consequentialism is not interested in keeping rules at all.
  18. The goal of consequentialism is:
  19. That which has value in and of itself:
  20. Which view is rule oriented:

Set 3

  1. In the Biblical sense, agape love is defined as:
  2. Holmes believes that the Bible comes closer to intuitionism than to natural‐law theories.
  3. A Christian rule‐ethic will by definition hide the weightier matters of the law, the underlying principles of love and justice beneath a load of particular behavioral requirements.
  4. Which of these is not one of Holmes’ aspects of moral reasoning for Christians?
  5. How do justice and love contribute to each other?
  6. “A virtue ethic based on our ________________ is therefore about objective facts that lie beneath all local traditions.”
  7. Aristotle saw virtues as habits of mind that can be cultivated by deliberation about the choices we constantly make and the ends or goals we desire.
  8. According to Aristotle, the less virtuous are simply weak‐willed people who act out of ignorance and need education.
  9. What did Thomas Aquinas say is needed along with habituation of the virtues:
  10. Which of the following is NOT a way virtues affect moral decision making?
  11. The fact that we cannot logically derive ethical conclusions from merely empirical observations is called:
  12. What principal does Utilitarianism lack?
  13. What is the problem with regards to individual egoism retreating into universal egoism?
  14. Which of these is NOT one of Holmes’ conclusions concerning ethical egoism?
  15. What process did Jeremy Bentham propose to quantify pleasure versus pain with regards to which action one should take:
  16. Deontology would include which of the following ideas:
  17. Some deontologists equate the right with the good.
  18. The view that says the goal of ethics is doing the right:
  19. That which has value in and of itself:
  20. The goal of consequentialism is:

Other sets

  1. Which of these is not one of Holmes’ aspects of moral reasoning for Christians?
  2. Which of the following is not a problem with regards to Common Morality?
  3. A Christian rule‐ethic will by definition hide the weightier matters of the law, the underlying principles of love and justice beneath a load of particular behavioral requirements.
  4. _______________ varies significantly from person to person and culture to culture, seeming to depend on moral training and cultural conditioning.
  5. Holmes arguments in favor of a natural law approach to Christian Ethics include:
  6. Human behavior is controlled by inner drives and conscience is merely the subconscious internalization of external controls. Who argued this position?
  7. Which of the following is not one of Alasdair MacIntyre’s objections to the concept of “moral science?”
  8. Which of the following is NOT a way virtues affect moral decision making?
  9. How do virtues relate to God:
  10. According to Aristotle, the less virtuous are simply weak‐willed people who act out of ignorance and need education.
  11. Which of these is NOT one of Holmes’ conclusions concerning ethical egoism?
  12. What is the problem with regards to individual egoism retreating into universal egoism?
  13. Which best explains the step from psychological fact to ethical ought:
  14. Holmes states that a non‐consequential decision is needed as to the _______ of consequence we are to seek.
  15. Which is NOT a problem with psychological egoism that Holmes points out:
  16. That which has value in and of itself:
  17. Consequentialism is not interested in keeping rules at all.
  18. According to deontology, what justifies the means:
  19. The view that says the goal of ethics is doing the right:
  20. Deontology would include which of the following ideas:
  21. A Christian rule‐ethic will by definition hide the weightier matters of the law, the underlying principles of love and justice beneath a load of particular behavioral requirements.
  22. What is one of the two alternatives to the consequentialist response to moral dilemmas of trying to minimize the bad and maximize the good, do deontologists provide?
  23. What is the highest end for Christians?
  24. What type of indicators should we look for to determine what is inherent and essential?
  25. Which of the following is not an examples of a moral dilemma?
  26. Aristotle saw virtues as habits of mind that can be cultivated by deliberation about the choices we constantly make and the ends or goals we desire.
  27. Which one of the below is NOT what Eudaimonia means:
  28. Holmes states that diversity of virtues of different traditions are relative and therefore ultimately cannot support the idea of a virtue ethic based upon common humanity and objective facts that lie beneath all local traditions.
  29. According to Aristotle, the less virtuous are simply weak‐willed people who act out of ignorance and need education.
  30. Which of these is not an example of how Aristotle viewed virtues as relative to excess and deficiency?
  31. The ethical approach that seeks to maximize the benefits to the most people is:
  32. What is the problem with regards to individual egoism retreating into universal egoism?
  33. The term that states that the value of persons is measured entirely in terms of people’s experiences is:
  34. The fact that we cannot logically derive ethical conclusions from merely empirical observations is called:
  35. Which of the following is not a reason Utilitarianism is the most popular ethical theory?
  36. Which view is rule oriented:
  37. Some deontologists equate the right with the good.
  38. Consequentialism is not interested in keeping rules at all.
  39. According to deontology, what justifies the means:
  40. Deontology is only interested in keeping rules and does not care about results.