PHIL 201 Quiz 6 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. Fideism comes from the Latin word fides, which translates to “blind leap” in English.
  2. According to the authors, this Enlightenment philosopher thought we could identify universal methods of thinking that could be applied to all people in all places.
  3. Which of the following is NOT a reason for viewing the relationship of faith and reason as a dialogue?
  4. Kierkegaard saw the quest for objectivity as:
  5. The authors push back on the “Warfare Thesis” with all of the points below EXCEPT?
  6. According to Fideism, “Truth” (at least the kind of truth that should concern us most) should be grasped through which of the following?
  7. Which figure is NOT listed as someone who holds to a “faith seeking understanding” view of faith and reason?
  8. The authors understand the concept of “faith” to be a kind of blind leap based on optimism and positive thinking.
  9. Dialogical views of faith and reason see the two as dialogue partners, primarily because both Scripture and creation are forms of revelation that originate from God.
  10. Which proponent of evidentialism said, “It is wrong always, everywhere, and for anyone, to believe anything upon insufficient evidence”?
  11. “Reason as Magistrate” gets its name because it was the view of the Magisterial Reformers of the Protestant Reformation.
  12. Which is one of the concerns about adopting pragmatism, given by the authors?
  13. The “Insufficient Evidence” objection by argues which of the following:
  14. The “Weak-Analogy” objection says that design arguments rest on a bad analogy because nature is not analogous to:
  15. Which NT text do the author’s NOT give as foundational for the basis of Natural Revelation and Natural Theology?
  16. The “Problem of Evil” objection by Hume, according to the authors, gives responding apologists what kind of opportunity:
  17. The authors note that since Hume is right – arguments from analogy never render complete certainty – they are unhelpful to apologists and should be avoided in favor of other arguments.
  18. The authors note that in John Calvin’s Institutes, Calvin says that all men innately have:
  19. A “theodicy” is:
  20. David Hume was a famous Enlightenment proponent of arguments for God’s existence from Natural theology.
  21. Citing Gillespie, the authors note that William Paley’s design argument was effectively defeated by which figure?
  22. Natural Revelation and Natural Theology refer to the same concept; one is the philosophical term and the other is theological, but they refer to the same thing.
  23. The authors note 3 distinct affirmations by Paul in Romans 1:18-21. Which is NOT one?
  24. Fine-tuning arguments claim that a super-intellect (God) is responsible for which realities?
  25. Which philosopher and theologian argued that reason and philosophy should be used as a subservient partners or servants to theology?

Set 2

  1. In a critical dialogue about religious beliefs, Evans recommends beginning by asking the other person to accept your own religious presuppositions.
  2. Philosophy of religion and natural theology are identical disciplines.
  3. According to strong or classical foundationalism, in order to know something, one must have a conclusive reason for thinking it is true.
  4. According to Evans, the testing of religious beliefs is likely to be easier than the testing of scientific theories.
  5. Theology is an activity carried on outside of a religious tradition.
  6. Theism holds that God is a being; his non-existence is not possible:
  7. If theism is true, then Christianity must be true.
  8. Which solution to the divine foreknowledge versus human freedom problem claims that God possessed some knowledge prior to creation that he used to decide how to create the world?
  9. Sally believes that the truth about God cannot be known, so she cannot make a judgment on the issue. What position does Sally represent?
  10. An argument is whenever the conclusion must be true if the premises are true.
  11. The ontological argument states that the natural world appears to exhibit a purposive design and infers its cause must therefore be an intelligent designer.
  12. Which statement is the final premise of the following teleological argument?
 There exist in nature many examples of beneficial order.
ii. Beneficial order is best explained as the result of an intelligent designer.
  13. arguments are also known as first-cause arguments because they attempt to infer that God must exist as the first cause of the universe.
  14. The says that there are no real moral obligations. When a person says an act is wrong, he is expressing his individual feelings about the act.
  15. This type of argument attempts to show that the very idea of God somehow implies that God actually exists.
  16. According to Craig, atheists often respond to the idea that without God life has no value by inconsistently finding value in the pursuits and activities of life.
  17. In the end, according to Craig, the dilemma for the atheist is:
  18. According to Craig, believing that objective meaning, value, and truth exist in a universe that ultimately is meaningless and without value is
  19. According to Craig, atheists like Camus and Russell are inconsistent to promote love and brotherhood.
  20. To say that my case for God’s existence is ‘defeasible’ is to say:

Set 3

  1. Philosophy of religion attempts to answer such questions as, “Why does God allow suffering?”
  2. According to Evans, a person doesn’t need to be completely neutral about religion in order to objectively consider arguments for and against it.
  3. “Having the ability to think is a gift from God and He intended us to use it when examining religious beliefs.” Which view does this statement refute?
  4. According to Evans, the testing of religious beliefs is likely to be easier than the testing of scientific theories.
  5. According to strong or classical foundationalism, in order to know something, one must have a conclusive reason for thinking it is true.
  6. Which of the following are characteristics of the theistic conception of God?
  7. Which view recognizes a plurality of gods, but restricts allegiance to one god?
  8. An argument is _____________ whenever the conclusion must be true if the premises are true.
  9. Theism holds that God is a _________ being; his non-existence is not possible:
  10. Theological compatibilists hold that God knows the future because he wills it, including the free choices that each person will make.
  11. Which argument is often referred to as the argument from design:
  12. Which view interprets moral obligations in terms of social approval and disapproval?
  13. The atheist must argue more than the possibility that God does not exist in order to overcome the ontological argument.
  14. Since God is the greatest possible being, it is impossible for God to exist only in the understanding of the fool. Who argued this position:
  15. Aquinas taught that “beneficial order” is the kind of order in nature that brings about good results.
  16. According to Craig, if there is not God, ultimate meaning is lost.
  17. In the end, according to Craig, the dilemma for the atheist is:
  18. The fine-tuning of the universe is evidence supporting the:
  19. A minimalistic concept of God argues for a merciful God.
  20. To say that my case for God’s existence is ‘defeasible’ is to say:

Set 4

  1. Weak foundationalism claims that some of our knowledge is fallible and subject to revision.
  2. theology is where the theologian attempts to say what can be known about God or things divine, without committing to a specific religion.
  3. If Miranda chooses to simply write off any criticisms of her religious views as simply being the product of coming from non‐believers, she is acting like:
  4. The weak foundationalist believes that basic knowledge must be absolutely certain.
  5. Fideism claims that _______ is the precondition for any correct thinking about religion.
  6. It is a requirement of freedom that one possess alternate possibilities, meaning that in order to act freely, there must be more than one thing to do.
  7. Natural theologians attempt to see what can be known about God independently of any specific religious authority.
  8. Some theists teach that God is _________, meaning that God is unchangeable.
  9. Theism holds that God is a _________ being; his non‐existence is not possible:
  10. If theism is true, then Christianity must be true.
  11. According to Evans, a necessary being is the only kind of being whose existence requires no further explanation.
  12. Which argument is often referred to as the argument from design:
  13. A divine command theory cannot account for individual obligations.
  14. arguments are also known as first‐cause arguments because they attempt to infer that God must exist as the first cause of the universe.
  15. Which view interprets moral obligations in terms of social approval and disapproval?
  16. The fine‐tuning of the universe is evidence supporting the:
  17. According to Craig, if there is not God, ultimate meaning is lost.
  18. The Kalam version of the cosmological argument is a temporal form of the argument.
  19. In the end, according to Craig, the dilemma for the atheist is:
  20. To say that my case for God’s existence is ‘defeasible’ is to say:

Other sets

  1. The ________ claims that it is wrong to reason about religion, but one must just believe and have faith.
  2. According to strong or classical foundationalism, in order to know something, one must have a conclusive reason for thinking it is true.
  3. According to Evans, a person doesn’t need to be completely neutral about religion in order to objectively consider arguments for and against it.
  4. Fideism claims that _______ is the precondition for any correct thinking about religion.
  5. “Having the ability to think is a gift from God and He intended us to use it when examining religious beliefs.” Which view does this statement refute?
  6. The verifiablility theory of meaning holds that there are two types of meaningful statements:
  7. An argument is _____________ whenever the conclusion must be true if the premises are true.
  8. It is a requirement of freedom that one possess alternate probabilities, meaning that in order to act freely, there must be more than one thing to do.
  9. Which solution to the divine foreknowledge versus human freedom problem claims that God possessed some knowledge prior to creation that he used to decide how to create the world?
  10. Theists hold that God is __________, meaning he is present everywhere by virtue of his activity and knowledge.
  11. The atheist must argue more than the possibility that God does not exist in order to overcome the ontological argument.
  12. The ontological argument states that the natural world appears to exhibit a purposive design and infers its cause must therefore be an intelligent designer.
  13. According to Evans, a necessary being is the only kind of being whose existence requires no further explanation.
  14. “The universe might always have existed” is an irrelevant objection to the Cosmological argument.
  15. Non‐temporal versions of the Cosmological argument contend that the universe had to have a beginning, with a cause being necessary to explain its existence in the first moment.
  16. In the end, according to Craig, the dilemma for the atheist is:
  17. The aim of a best explanations approach to the question of God’s existence is to prove for certain that God exists.
  18. According to Craig, if there is not God, ultimate meaning is lost.
  19. In saying that my case for God’s existence is defeasible is to say:
  20. The Kalam version of the cosmological argument is a temporal form of the argument.
  21. In a critical dialogue about religious beliefs, Evans recommends beginning by asking the other person to accept your own religious presuppositions.
  22. _______ theology is where the theologian attempts to say what can be known about God or things divine, without committing to a specific religion.
  23. Philosophy of religion attempts to answer such questions as, “Why does God allow suffering?”
  24. If Miranda chooses to simply write off any criticisms of her religious views as simply being the product of coming from non‐believers, she is acting like:
  25. The ________ claims that it is wrong to reason about religion, but one must just believe and have faith .
  26. Which view recognizes a plurality of gods, but restricts allegiance to one god ?
  27. ________ is the dominant view of God in three of the world’s great religions: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam:
  28. If all the premises of a valid deductive argument are true, then the argument is:
  29. The verifiablility theory of meaning holds that there are two types of meaningful statements :
  30. Naturalism entails ________ because the naturalist does not believe in anything divine or supernatural beyond nature .
  31. According to Evans, it is the popularity of evolutionary theory, more than anything else, that has eroded the credibility of the traditional teleological argument .
  32. Aquinas taught that “beneficial order” is the kind of order in nature that brings about good results .
  33. This type of argument attempts to show that the very idea of God somehow implies that God actually exists .
  34. Non‐temporal versions of the Cosmological argument contend that the universe had to have a beginning, with a cause being necessary to explain its existence in the first moment.
  35. Which statement is the final premise of the following teleological argument ? i. There exist in nature many examples of beneficial order.
 Beneficial order is best explained as the result of an intelligent designer.
  36. According to Craig, atheists like Camus and Russell are inconsistent to promote love and brotherhood .
  37. The fine‐tuning of the universe is evidence supporting the :
  38. In the end, according to Craig, the dilemma for the atheist is :
  39. According to Craig, if there is not God, ultimate meaning is lost.
  40. Sartre’s solution to the challenge to find meaning in life without God:
  41. According to Evans, philosophy of religion may be engaged in by thinkers who are not themselves religious at all .
  42. “Having the ability to think is a gift from God and He intended us to use it when examining religious beliefs.” Which view does this statement refute?
  43. What view holds that genuine religious knowledge must consist of truths that are known with absolute certainty?
  44. Philosophy of religion and natural theology are identical disciplines.
  45. According to Evans, the testing of religious beliefs is likely to be easier than the testing of scientific theories.
  46. Which of the following are characteristics of the theistic conception of God?
  47. Naturalism entails ________ because the naturalist does not believe in anything divine or supernatural beyond nature.
  48. It is a requirement of freedom that one possess alternate probabilities, meaning that in order to act freely, there must be more than one thing to do.
  49. Which view recognizes a plurality of gods, but restricts allegiance to one god?
  50. Dualists believe in one God.
  51. Which statement is the final premise of the following teleological argument? i. There exist in nature many examples of beneficial order.
 Beneficial order is best explained as the result of an intelligent designer.
  52. “The universe might always have existed” is an irrelevant objection to the Cosmological argument.
  53. This type of argument attempts to show that the very idea of God somehow implies that God actually exists.
  54. Many argue that the universe has been __________ because the odds that a single universe just happening to have a combination of certain values that makes life possible are infinitesimally small:
  55. The ________ says that there are no real moral obligations. When a person says an act is wrong, he is expressing his individual feelings about the act.
  56. The elements appealed to for design in the universe include which of the following?
  57. According to the class presentation, one can successfully provide a single argument for God’s existence.
  58. In the end, according to Craig, the dilemma for the atheist is:
  59. Sartre’s solution to the challenge to find meaning in life without God:
  60. To say that my case for God’s existence is ‘defeasible’ is to say: